πŸ’° A Life of Payouts, Not Handouts - Los Angeles Times

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Off-track wagering will be allowed at the Chumash Casino Resort if the U.S. Department of the Interior ratifies an amendment to the state's.


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Are you the business owner of Chumash Casino Resort? Claim your listing. Overview. This company offers casino/gaming center.


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Off-track wagering will be allowed at the Chumash Casino Resort if the U.S. Department of the Interior ratifies an amendment to the state's.


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From the earliest days, Chumash children are raised with stories that reinforce two important beliefs that define Chumash culture. The first is a belief in the value​.


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Are you the business owner of Chumash Casino Resort? Claim your listing. Overview. This company offers casino/gaming center.


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Off-track wagering will be allowed at the Chumash Casino Resort if the U.S. Department of the Interior ratifies an amendment to the state's.


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From the earliest days, Chumash children are raised with stories that reinforce two important beliefs that define Chumash culture. The first is a belief in the value​.


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Off-track wagering will be allowed at the Chumash Casino Resort if the U.S. Department of the Interior ratifies an amendment to the state's.


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Casino riches recast the Chumash landscape. the casino. She is among a group of Chumash elders who call themselves β€œguilty Jag owners.”.


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Principal Owner at Chumash Casino Resort and Hotel Corque. Chumash Casino Resort and Hotel Corque. Santa Barbara, California Area0 connections.


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And a people who had been relegated to the margins of history are reclaiming their identity. Tribal members worked on the casino floor, provided security, directed parking and cooked burritos and fry bread for patrons. In the early s, the federal government began a decades-long practice of shipping Indian children to Catholic boarding schools. The boy attends a private Christian academy, is assisted by a tutor and attends after-school and summer programs -- all made possible by the casino. She maintains her bearings, in part, by clinging to old habits. Members who once subsisted on rice and beans enjoy gourmet meals and expensive bottles of champagne at their own upscale restaurant, the Willows. Following the lead of other Southern California tribes, the Chumash began offering slot-machine games, despite warnings from law enforcement authorities that the devices were illegal. The earliest recorded sighting by a European was in October , when Spanish explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo encountered Indians in wood-plank canoes along the Santa Barbara and Ventura County coastline. Tribal members privately acknowledge that some Chumash have gotten in over their heads, despite their robust casino income. Many members had never used banks and continued to store their money in tin cans and in glove compartments of abandoned vehicles. Thousands of Chumash Indians outside Santa Ynez get no share of the riches because their separate tribes lack federal recognition. But the sudden riches also have sparked conflict and fevered spending. Scattered in his yard on the reservation here are a silver Range Rover, two oversized pickup trucks, a high-powered speedboat and a pair of all-terrain vehicles. The church eventually donated the land to the Indians, and in , the U. But the bingo hall closed in because of rising debts and a business dispute with outside investors. The money has also added to the bitterness of marital breakups. Some tribal members are challenging the bloodlines of their fellow Chumash, contending that they lack the one-fourth Indian blood required for enrollment in the band. The Santa Ynez tribal government has used gambling proceeds to repave roads, erect street lights and build a sewage treatment plant. But the impulse to spend quickly persists. But for me, to spend that money When gambling revenue began to flow in the mids, there was widespread fear that the casino would not last long; law enforcement officials had repeatedly threatened to shut it down. Within the next decade, Chumash leaders hope to build a school, a day care center, a health club and a bank. In , Old Mission Santa Ines was built. Chumash society was hierarchical, with chieftains and shaman priests at the top of the pecking order and craftsmen and laborers at the bottom. A small cemetery next to the mission cathedral holds the remains of about 1, Indians, marked by crumbled tombstones and splintered crosses covered in moss. She confesses to lingering regrets about the thousands of dollars she spent on a flat-screen television. The Chumash were expert hunters and fishermen who produced stone cookware and intricate basketry. Powerless for so long, the Chumash are asserting their sovereign rights with new vigor, aided by lawyers, lobbyists and consultants. Last year, Kahn was elected to the five-member business council that runs the tribal government. Battles over casino wealth have complicated marital breakups. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Now, casino earnings are underwriting efforts to build a Chumash museum, scour European collections for Chumash artifacts and revive the Chumash Inezeno language. They are also investing in higher education. Within three months, the band had paid off all of its start-up loans and installed additional machines. Pagaling keeps putting off plans to buy a four-wheel drive sport utility vehicle to make the trip to her Lake Tahoe vacation home. Kenneth Kahn, for one, sees only progress. They were people who made the best of what they had. It has also acquired adjacent property, expanding the reservation by 49 acres to accommodate future development. They bathed in a swimming hole and wore clothes made from discarded flour sacks. Because Chumash frequently marry outside the tribe, most households have just one enrolled member. Alcohol abuse was rampant. It has provided financial security and a bounty of material goods. Among those in financial distress is Gilbert Cash, the chairman of the tribal gaming commission who oversees gambling at the casino. They play golf at country clubs and vacation in Paris, Madrid and Maui. Life on the reservation was harsh. Now, they hire day laborers to tend their own sprawling estates. She and her sisters returned to the reservation after a year. Like many of their generation, they were unaware of their Chumash lineage. Gambling proceeds pay for free medical care at a modern Chumash clinic and subsidize private schooling, tutors and college tuition. Some tribal leaders worry that the monthly casino check is simply a new form of dependency, as corrosive as the welfare payments of old. She worked for many years on an assembly line, packing frozen broccoli into food cartons. Gray, 45, who is not a member of the tribe, said Cheryl walked out on him several years ago, leaving him to provide for eight of their children, ages 6 to {/INSERTKEYS}{/PARAGRAPH} Yet at 27, he has accumulated more wealth than many working Americans will see in a lifetime. The Chumash closed the site in the s because it failed to generate enough money to cover the cost of utilities and water. The population began to diminish in the early 19th century with the establishment of five mission-based communities in Chumash territory, according to John R. But at the time, there was no hint of such a windfall. Every morning at 6, the Native American boarding students were required to line up wearing oversized military boots, Pagaling recalled. Members who reside on the reservation pay only federal income taxes. Yet the costs of newfound wealth are as striking as the luxury cars that ply reservation streets and the private pools that dot backyards. We got ours. Yet Pace, now 75, feels a deep ambivalence about the wealth generated by the casino. A couple of them ended up in San Quentin. Growing up, he was barely aware of the world beyond the reservation. But in recent years, tribal subsidies have helped nearly Chumash attend a university, community college or trade school. Distinct Chumash dialects were spoken in each of dozens of villages. As she ticked off the improvements in her life since the casino opened, Pagaling also spoke of the disorientation brought on by so much wealth. A survey counted about 1, Chumash in 14 villages in the Santa Ynez Valley. The casino money has ignited bruising internal battles over ancestry. I want to be the way I always was. A decade ago, the tribe -- formally the Santa Ynez Band of Mission Indians -- had been largely assimilated into the local Latino community. That, I believe, is human nature. {PARAGRAPH}{INSERTKEYS}He does not have a college degree or a paying job. Many were ashamed to acknowledge their Native American ancestry. The Chumash lived in dilapidated adobe dwellings. But they persisted. Even more remarkable were the profit margins. As recently as the s, reservation homes lacked running water, electricity and phone service. A decade ago, some Chumash still relied on welfare and donated clothing. Historians say that Chumash Indians have maintained a continuous presence in Southern California for at least 5, years. Pagaling still lives on the reservation, in the modest, stucco house she and her late husband bought in She still remembers the excitement of moving into the home, her first to have electrical outlets and natural gas. Lewis Gray said has fought unsuccessfully for several years to compel his estranged wife, Cheryl, to make monthly support payments. Some of the Chumash have run through their riches, spending themselves back into debt. Loreto and Florencia Armenta raised 10 children on the reservation during the Depression. Over the years, tribal members married into Mexican and Filipino families and grew detached from the reservation. Going away to college never occurred to him. He is taking classes in political science and communications at Santa Barbara Community College and is thinking of pursuing a four-year degree. For much of the past two centuries, the Chumash of Santa Ynez lived in anonymity and abject poverty. Proposition 1A passed, and casino revenue continued to soar. This is a source of bitter resentment in the broader Chumash nation. The band turned to gambling in A high-stakes bingo parlor attracted gamblers from as far as the San Francisco Bay Area and provided part-time employment for dozens of Indians. The torrent of money has caused a jarring transformation in the life of the Chumash. Women who once wore hand-me-downs and turquoise beads wear precious jewels and have cosmetic surgery. Rosa Pace remembers the sight of families climbing into trees from rickety rooftops to escape the floodwaters of Zanja de Cota Creek. The family lived in a lean-to without walls or windows and slept on steel cots lined up on a dirt floor. Their chores included scrubbing toilets and mopping floors. Today, most have bank accounts. In the decades before gambling, many Chumash Indians toiled as ranch hands, truckers, maids and farmworkers.